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About Berlin

A city of full history and culture


The Reichstag, seat of the German Parliament, is the most famous landmark in Berlin. On 9 June 1884, Kaiser Wilhelm I laid the first foundation-stone. From that point onwards, it has reflected the turbulence of German history. On 9 November 1918, Deputy Philipp Scheidemann proclaimed from the window the creation of a republic. After being destroyed in the war, it was rebuilt between 1961 and 1971 in a simplified form without the dome, which was blown up in 1945. After German reunification, the German Bundestag decided to use the building as a seat of Parliament again.

Brandenburg Gate

While the only remaining city gate of Berlin formerly used to represent the separation of the city between East and West Berlin, since the Berlin Wall came down in 1989 the Brandenburg Gate has now come to symbolise German unity. In addition, this gate made of sandstone is one of the finest examples of German classicism.

Unter den Linden

Berlin’s elegant boulevard is found in the old heart of Berlin, going all the way from the Brandenburg Gate to the Schlossbrücke bridge. On the boulevard Unter den Linden, there are many important institutions such as the Humboldt University and the State Opera as well as attractions such as the Neue Wache memorial and the Zeughaus (Armoury).

Berlin Television Tower

Anyone who has ever been to Berlin has seen it. Indeed, it is hard to imagine not being able to take notice of it. No wonder - the Berlin Television Tower, which is 368 metres tall, is the highest publicly accessible building in Europe. But it’s even more than that. While the GDR has long since been history, the Berlin Television Tower still stands - and it is now accepted as a landmark for all of Germany.

The Berlin Wall Memorial and Documentation Centre

The Berlin Wall Memorial is a reminder for the division of Germany and imparts an oppressive impression of the Wall and the times of the division. Located directly at the former border strip in the Bernauer Strasse is a piece of the Berlin Wall with border strip and watchtower. The facility shows how the border facilities were constructed and imparts to the visitor a lasting impression of the construction, which once divided the entire country.

Museum Island

The Museum Island in Berlin is the northern tip of the Spree Island - and it is also a magnificent work of art itself, involving five world-renowned museums gathered in an extraordinary ensemble. The many oustanding exhibits include the Nefertitit and the Pergamon frieze. Since 1999, the museum complex in the city centre of Berlin has been the only architectural and cultural ensemble that is considered part of UNESCO world heritage. At the southern part of the island, the Altes Museum (Old Museum) can be found. In the northern part, there is the New Museum as well as the Alte Nationalgalerie. On the Kupfergraben side of the island can be found the Pergamon Museum. And last but not least there is the Bode-Museum.

Checkpoint Charlie

It is the scene of several thrillers and espionage novels ranging from James Bond's "Octo-pussy" to "The Spy Who Came in From the Cold" by John le Carré: Checkpoint Charlie. Starting on 22 September 1961 at most famous East German-West German border crossing, allied soldiers registered members of the American, British and French armed forces before their trip to East Berlin. Here foreign tourists were able to inform themselves about their stay. Because of its role as a transition point for the members of the Allied forces, the Friedrichstraße border checkpoint in October 1961 was the scene of the so-called tank stand off.

Potsdamer Platz

The Potsdamer Platz is the old heart of Berlin serving as a junction between the old city centre in East Berlin and what was formerly the new West Berlin. Together with Leipziger Platz, which is connected to it in the west, it lies directly in front of the former Potsdam city gate and the former customs and excise wall of Berlin.

Charlottenburg Palace

Charlottenburg Palace is one of the landmarks of Berlin. The largest and most beautiful royal palace still standing in the capital, Charlottenburg was erected as the summer residence of Sophie Charlotte, the first queen of Prussia, who was also the namesake for the palace and the surrounding district. Subsequent generations of the royal family expanded and remodelled the palace according to the taste of their time.


Many Berliners believe that the Gendarmenmarkt is the most beautiful place in Germany and indeed in all of Europe. Well, however that might be, it really is a must-see for all visitors to Berlin. This is the case because the Gendarmenmarkt is a beautiful example of an architectural ensemble full of harmony and it includes both the French and the German cathedral as well as the Concert House.

Key facts

Total population 3,292,400
Average monthly income 1,475 Euros
Local time 6 minutes and 22 seconds behind Central European Time (CET)
Tallest building Television tower 368 m
Length of city border 234 km
Theaters 56
Less than 10 spots left


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